Yen Surges 3.3% as Bank of Japan Changes Policy in Surprising Move
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Yen Surges 3.3% as Bank of Japan Changes Policy in Surprising Move

The Japanese yen has surged to a four-month peak against the dollar after the BOJ let a benchmark interest rate rise to 0.5%.
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The Japanese yen has gained 3.3% against the USD after the Bank of Japan made a surprise decision to adjust its yield curve control program, allowing a benchmark interest rate to rise from 0.25% to 0.5%. Meanwhile, markets in the Asia-Pacific fell, with the Nikkei 225 losing 2.46%.

The BoJ Adjusts Yield Curve Control Program 

The Bank of Japan has made a surprise adjustment to its yield curve control program, which has sparked a sharp jump in the yen. More specifically, the BOJ will now let the country’s 10-year bond yields rise to around 0.5%, up from the previous upper limit of 0.25%.

The central bank kept its target range around zero for the benchmark government bond yield. It also left its short-term interest rate low at -0.1%. However, following the announcement, the 10-year yield, which had been stuck around 0.25% for months, increased to 0.40% in afternoon trading.  

In its policy statement released on Tuesday, the BOJ didn’t mention inflation as a reason to let the yield on government bonds rise as high as 0.5%. The adjustment is intended to “improve market functioning and encourage a smoother formation of the entire yield curve, while maintaining accommodative financial conditions,” it said. 

Bloomberg has claimed that all 47 economists surveyed expected no policy change, which explains why the move has surprised the markets so severely. However, most economists had mentioned that the bank should do more to improve the functioning of the bond market.

As reported, speculations that the Japanese government might intervene in currency markets started to grow in mid-September after authorities warned about the yen’s volatility. By late October, the country’s policymakers allegedly intervened twice in the FX market to shore up the national currency, which failed. 

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Markets in the Asia-Pacific Tumble

The surprise decision has sent shock waves across global financial markets, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. The Nikkei 225, a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange, fell 2.46% to 26,568.03, leading to losses in the region. The Topix, another important stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange in Japan, fell 1.54% to 1,905.59.

Furthermore, the Korea Composite Stock Price Index (Kospi) fell 0.8% to 2,333.29 while the S&P/ASX 200 (XJO), Australia’s leading share market index, traded 1.54% lower to close at 7,024.3.

The Hang Seng Index, a free-float-adjusted market-capitalization-weighted stock-market index in Hong Kong, fell 1.3% in its final hour of trade. In mainland China, the Shenzhen Component fell 1.58% to 10,949.12, and the Shanghai Composite fell 1.07% to 3,073.77.

In the US, the Nasdaq Composite, the S&P 500, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average all fell overnight, down by 1.49%, 0.90%, and 0.49%, respectively, at the close. 

Meanwhile, Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda has said that the central bank might further ease its monetary policy if needed. He added that it is too early to debate an exit from the current policy and that strategies for an exit should be discussed at policy meetings if the central bank nears its inflation target of 2%.

USDJPY YTD, Source:TradingView

The BOJ also laid out a plan for the first quarter of 2023 that calls for purchasing around ¥9 trillion (worth around $68 billion) in Japanese government bonds per month from January until March, up from the previous target of ¥7.3 trillion a month.

Meanwhile, the Japanese yen has surged to a four-month peak against the dollar. As of now, one dollar is traded for 132 or 133 yen, compared with more than 137 yen before the BOJ’s decision.

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Do you think the yen would continue to gain more against the dollar? Let us know in the comments below.